Diabetes type 2 is caused by the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or by the cells not reacting to insulin.
Unexplained weight loss and blurred vision could be early signs of diabetes.
The condition could be prevented by making some lifestyle changes, including regularly exercising, cutting back on alcohol, and by eating a healthy, balanced diet.
Add these foods to your diet to prevent, or even reverse type 2 diabetes.
“Certain foods negatively affect your blood sugar levels, cause inflammation and trigger immune responses,” said nutritionist Dr Josh Axe.
“Type 2 diabetes is a completely preventable and reversible condition, and with diet and lifestyle changes, you can greatly reduce your chances of getting the disease or reverse the condition if you’ve already been diagnosed.”
Fibre-rich foods, including avocado, help to slow down glucose absorption.
They also regulate blood sugar levels and support the body’s natural detox.
“Aim to eat at least 30g of fibre per day, which can come from vegetables [like Brussels sprouts, peas and artichokes], avocados, berries, nuts and seeds, especially chia seeds and flaxseeds,” said Axe.
Protein-based foods slow down the amount of sugar absorbed by the body.
They also have a minimal effect on your blood glucose levels, said the nutritionist.
“Some of the best sources of clean protein include wild-caught fish, which contains omega-3 fats that reduce inflammation, grass-fed beef, organic chicken, lentils, eggs and bone broth.”
Diabetes type 2: Fatigue and frequent urination could be signs of condition (GETTY Images)
Diabetes type 2: Avocado is rich in fibre (GETTY Images)
Broccoli is rich in the nutrient chromium which helps with normal carbohydrate metabolism.
Chromium-rich foods improve the body’s glucose tolerance, and naturally balances out blood glucose levels, said Axe.
“Broccoli has the highest amounts of chromium, but you can also find it in raw cheese, green beans, Brewer’s yeast and grass-fed beef.”
Spinach is packed full of magnesium, which helps to regulate blood sugar.
Diabetes is linked to a magnesium deficiency, studies have claimed.
“Eating magnesium-rich foods, like spinach, chard, pumpkin seeds, almonds, yogurt and black beans, can improve type 2 diabetes symptoms,” said the nutritionist.
Diabetes type 2: Spinach helps to regulate blood sugar (GETTY Images)
Diabetes type 2: Broccoli boosts the body’s glucose tolerance (GETTY Images)
Coconut contains healthy fat that help to balance blood sugar.
The body prefers to use the medium-chained fatty acids as a fuel source, rather than sugars, said Axe.
“Using coconut milk, ghee and grass-fed butter can also help balance out your blood sugar levels, so include these foods into your meals and smoothies.”